SAFETY DATA SHEET according to Regulation 1907/2006 amended by 2015/830/EU
Product name:


Creation date: 6.10.2008 · Revision: 29.4.2020 · Version: 3.1

1. Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking

1.1. Product identifier

Product name



The product names refer to additional codes representing different material grades of alumina: ALFA TAB 06, ALFA TAB 20, ALFA TAB 30


aluminium oxide (CAS: 1344-28-1, EC: 215-691-6)

REACH Registration number


1.2. Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

Relevant identified uses

Industrial use. Raw material in the refractories, ceramics, glass and chemical industries, abrasives, polishing aids; use as an additive, filler, pigment

Uses advised against

not known.

1.3. Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet


SILKEM, d.o.o.
Tovarniška cesta 10, 2325 Kidričevo, Slovenia
Tel: +386 2 7991 200
Fax: +386 2 7991 230


SILKEM, d. o. o.
Address: Tovarniška cesta 10, 2325 Kidričevo, Slovenia
Phone: +386 2 7991 200
Fax: +386 2 7991 230

1.4. Emergency telephone number


+386 2 7991 208 (7h - 15h)

2. Hazards identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP)

According to the regulation, the product is not classified as hazardous.

2.2 Label elements

2.2.1. Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [CLP]

Pictograms not applicable according to Regulation 1272/2008.

2.2.2. Contains:


2.2.3. Special provisions

The product is not classified as dangerous according to regulations.

2.3. Other hazards

The substances in the mixture are not classified as persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB).

3. Composition/information on ingredients

3.1. Substances

Name CAS
% Classification according to Regulation (EC)
No 1272/2008 (CLP)
Specific Conc. Limits Classification according to directive 67/548/EEC or 99/45/EC REACH Registration No.
aluminium oxide 1344-28-1
99,5 not classified not classified 01-2119529248-35-0068

3.2. Mixtures

For substances see 3.1.

4. First aid measures

4.1. Description of first aid measures

General notes

Person giving first aid should properly protect himself.

Following inhalation

Remove patient to fresh air - move out of dangerous area. If symptoms develop and persist, seek medical attention.

Following skin contact

Take off all contaminated clothing. Wash affected skin areas thoroughly with plenty of water and soap. If symptoms develop and persist, seek medical attention.

Following eye contact

Immediately flush eyes with running water, keeping eyelids apart. If irritation persists, seek professional medical attention.

Following ingestion

Rinse mouth thoroughly with water. In case of doubt or if feeling unwell seek medical help. Show the physician the safety data sheet or label.

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed


No symptoms are expected.

Skin contact

No irritant effects.

Eye contact

No symptoms are expected.
Dust irritates the eyes (by mechanical means).


No symptoms are expected.

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

Treat symptomatically.

5. Firefighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

The product is not combustible. Use the usual extinguishing measures (carbon dioxide (CO2), dry chemical, foam; water spray) Use extinguishing measures that are appropriate to local circumstances and the surrounding environment.

Unsuitable extinguishing media

Full water jet.

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Hazardous combustion products

The product itself does not burn.

5.3. Advice for firefighters

Protective actions

In case of fire or heating do not breathe fumes/vapours.

Special protective equipment for firefighters

Select according to conditions and other factors.


6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

6.1.1. For non-emergency personnel

Protective equipment

Use personal protective equipment (Section 8).

Emergency procedures

Ensure adequate ventilation. Prevent dusting.

6.1.2. For emergency responders

Use personal protective equipment.

6.2. Environmental precautions

Prevent contamination of soil and ground water.

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

6.3.1. For containment


6.3.2. For cleaning up

Sweep up the dust or even use suitable vacuum cleaner (if possible). Collect the product and recycle it for reuse.

6.3.3. Other information


6.4. Reference to other sections

See also Sections 8 and 13.

7. Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling

7.1.1. Protective measures

Measures to prevent fire

Ensure adequate ventilation.

Measures to prevent aerosol and dust generation

Prevent dusting.

Measures to protect the environment

Avoid release to the environment.

7.1.2. Advice on general occupational hygiene

Use good personal hygiene practices – wash hands at breaks and when done working with material. Do not eat, drink or smoke while working. Do not breathe dust.

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

7.2.1. Technical measures and storage conditions

Keep in a cool, dry and well ventilated place.

7.2.2. Packaging materials


7.2.3. Requirements for storage rooms and vessels

Close opened containers after use. Put the containers upright to prevent from leaking.

7.2.4. Storage class


7.2.5. Further information on storage conditions


7.3. Specific end use(s)



Industrial sector specific solutions


8. Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1. Control parameters

8.1.1. Occupational exposure limit values

Name (CAS) Limit values Short-term exposure limit Remarks Biological Tolerance Values
Aluminium oxides respirable dust (1344-28-1) 4
Aluminium oxides inhalable dust (1344-28-1) 10
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) 15 OSHA/TWA, total dust
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) 5 OSHA/TWA, respiratoric dust

8.1.2. Information on monitoring procedures

BS EN 14042:2003 Workplace atmospheres. Guide for the application and use of procedures for the assessment of exposure to chemical and biological agents. BS EN 482:2012+A1:2015 Workplace exposure. General requirements for the performance of procedures for the measurement of chemical agents. BS EN 689:2018 Workplace exposure. Measurement of exposure by inhalation to chemical agents. Strategy for testing compliance with occupational exposure limit values.

8.1.3. DNEL/DMEL values

For components

Name Type Exposure route Exposure frequency Value Remark
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) Worker inhalation long term (systemic effects) 15,63 mg/m³
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) Worker inhalation long term (local effects) 15,63 mg/m³
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) Consumer oral long term (systemic effects) 6,58 mg/kg bw/day

8.1.4. PNEC values

For components

Name Exposure route Value Remark
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) fresh water 74,9 μg/l
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) water treatment plant 20 mg/L

8.2. Exposure controls

8.2.1. Appropriate engineering control

Substance/mixture related measures to prevent exposure during identified uses

Use good personal hygiene practices – wash hands at breaks and when done working with material.

Organisational measures to prevent exposure

Remove all contaminated clothes immediately and wash them before reuse.

Technical measures to prevent exposure

Provide good ventilation and local exhaust in areas with increased concentration.

8.2.2. Personal protective equipment

Eye and face protection

Safety glasses with side protection (EN 166).

Hand protection

Protective gloves (EN 374).

Skin protection

Cotton protective clothing and shoes that cover the entire foot (EN ISO 20345).

Respiratory protection

Not needed under normal use and adequate ventilation. In case of insufficient ventilation wear suitable respiratory protection. Mask with dust filter (P2) or FFP2 (EN 149). Wear a mask with a filter for dust/aerosols - FFP3 (EN 149). 'High/elevated concentrations' means that the occupational exposure limit values have been exceeded.

Thermal hazards


8.2.3. Environmental exposure controls

Substance/mixture related measures to prevent exposure

The emissions generated by manufacturing processes, including those generated by ventilation equipment, should be checked to ensure compliance with environmental standards.


9.1. Information on basic physical and chemical properties

- Physical state: solid
- Colour: white
- Odour: Odorless

Important health, safety and environmental information

- pH No information.
- Melting point/freezing point > 2000 °C
- Initial boiling point/boiling range > 2980 °C
- Flash point No information.
- Evaporation rate No information.
- Flammability (solid, gas) Not flammable.
- Explosion limits (vol%) No information.
- Vapour pressure No information.
- Vapour density No information.
- Density Relative density:
ca. 3,55
- Solubility Water:
- Partition coefficient No information.
- Auto-ignition temperature No information.
- Decomposition temperature No information.
- Viscosity No information.
- Explosive properties Product is not explosive.
- Oxidising properties No information.

9.2. Other information

- Remarks:


10.1. Reactivity

Stable under normal conditions.

10.2. Chemical stability

Product is stable under normal conditions of use, recommended handling and storage conditions.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions

There are no known hazardous reactions.

10.4. Conditions to avoid

No special precautions required. Consider the directions for use and storage.

10.5. Incompatible materials

Not known.

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

Under normal use conditions no hazardous decomposition products are expected.

11. Toxicological information

11.1. Information on toxicological effects

(a) Acute toxicity

NameExposure routeTypeSpeciesTimeValueMethodRemark
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)oralLD50rat> 2000 mg/kg
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)inhalationLC50rat> 2,3 mg/l

(b) Skin corrosion/irritation

aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)rabbitNon-irritant.

(c) Serious eye damage/irritation

aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)rabbitNon-irritant.

(d) Respiratory or skin sensitisation

No information.

(e) (Germ cell) mutagenicity

aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)in-vitro mutagenicityNegative.

(f) Carcinogenicity

No information.

(g) Reproductive toxicity

NameReproductive toxicity typeTypeSpeciesTimeValueResultMethodRemark
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)Effects on fertility-No effect
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)Developmental toxicity-No effect

Summary of evaluation of the CMR properties

No information.

(h) STOT-single exposure

NameExposure routeTypeSpeciesTimeOrganValueResultMethodRemark
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)oralNOAELrat1 years≥ 30 mg/kg bwNo effect.

(i) STOT-repeated exposure

NameExposure routeTypeSpeciesTimeOrganValueResultMethodRemark
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)inhalationTCLorat28 weeksLungs, Thorax, or Respiration 200 mg/m3Structural or functional change in trachea or bronchi28 week(s)-Intermittent, 5h
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1)inhalationTCLorat28 weeksLungs, Thorax, or Respiration 200 mg/m3Chronic pulmonary edema28 week(s)-Intermittent, 5h

(j) Aspiration hazard

No information.

12. Ecological information

12.1. Toxicity

12.1.1. Acute (short-term) toxicity

For components
Substance (CAS Nr.) Type Value Exposure time Species Organism Method Remark
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) EC50 100 mg/L 0 fish Salmo trutta
EC50 100 mg/L 48 h crustacea Daphnia magna
EC50 100 mg/L 72 h algae Selenastrum capricornutum

12.1.2. Chronic (long-term) toxicity

No information.

12.2. Persistence and degradability

12.2.1. Abiotic degradation, physical- and photo-chemical elimination

No information.

12.2.2. Biodegradation

For components
Substance (CAS Nr.) Type Rate Time Evaluation Method Remark
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) biodegradability Slowly degradable.

12.3. Bioaccumulative potential

12.3.1. Partition coefficient

No information.

12.3.2. Bioconcentration factor (BCF)

No information.

12.4. Mobility in soil

12.4.1. Known or predicted distribution to environmental compartments

No information.

12.4.2. Surface tension

No information.

12.4.3. Adsorption/Desorption

No information.

12.5. Results of PBT and vPvB assessment

The components in this formulation do not meet the criteria for classification as PBT or vPvB.

12.6. Other adverse effects

No information.

12.7. Additional information

For product

Product is not classified as dangerous for environment.

For components

Substance: aluminium oxide

No bioaccumulation expected.
This substance is not considered to be persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT). This substance is not considered to be very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB).

13. Disposal considerations

13.1. Waste treatment methods

13.1.1. Product / Packaging disposal

Waste chemical

Disposal must be made according to official regulations: deliver it to authorised collector/remover/transformer of hazardous waste.

Waste codes / waste designations according to LoW

06 02 99 - wastes not otherwise specified


Deliver completely emptied containers to approved waste disposal authorities.

13.1.2. Waste treatment-relevant information


13.1.3. Sewage disposal-relevant information


13.1.4. Other disposal recommendations


14. Transport information

14.1. UN number

Not applicable.

14.2. UN proper shipping name

ADR, RID, IMDG, ADN, IATA: Not dangerous according to transport regulations.

14.3. Transport hazard class(es)

Not applicable.

14.4. Packing group

Not applicable.

14.5. Environmental hazards


14.6. Special precautions for user

Not applicable.

14.7. Transport in bulk according to Annex II of Marpol and the IBC Code

Not applicable.

15. Regulatory information

15.1. Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

- Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)(including last amendment Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/830)

- Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures

15.1.1. Information according 2004/42/EC about limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC-guideline)

Not applicable.

15.2. Chemical Safety Assessment

No Chemical Safety Assessment has been carried out for this substance/mixture by the supplier.

16. Other information

Indication of changes


Abbreviations and acronyms

ATE - Acute Toxicity Estimate
ADR - Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
ADN - European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways
CEN - European Committee for Standardisation
C&L - Classification and Labelling
CLP - Classification Labelling Packaging Regulation; Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
CAS# - Chemical Abstracts Service number
CMR - Carcinogen, Mutagen, or Reproductive Toxicant
CSA - Chemical Safety Assessment
CSR - Chemical Safety Report
DMEL - Derived Minimal Effect Level
DNEL - Derived No Effect Level
DPD - Dangerous Preparations Directive 1999/45/EC
DSD - Dangerous Substances Directive 67/548/EEC
DU - Downstream User
EC - European Community
ECHA - European Chemicals Agency
EC-Number - EINECS and ELINCS Number (see also EINECS and ELINCS)
EEA - European Economic Area (EU + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway)
EEC - European Economic Community
EINECS - European Inventory of Existing Commercial Substances
ELINCS - European List of notified Chemical Substances
EN - European Standard
EQS - Environmental Quality Standard
EU - European Union
Euphrac - European Phrase Catalogue
EWC - European Waste Catalogue (replaced by LoW – see below)
GES - Generic Exposure Scenario
GHS - Globally Harmonized System
IATA - International Air Transport Association
ICAO-TI - Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air
IMDG - International Maritime Dangerous Goods
IMSBC - International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes
IT - Information Technology
IUCLID - International Uniform Chemical Information Database
IUPAC - International Union for Pure Applied Chemistry
JRC - Joint Research Centre
Kow - octanol-water partition coefficient
LC50 - Lethal Concentration to 50 % of a test population
LD50 - Lethal Dose to 50% of a test population (Median Lethal Dose)
LE - Legal Entity
LoW - List of Wastes (see
LR - Lead Registrant
M/I - Manufacturer / Importer
MS - Member States
MSDS - Material Safety Data Sheet
OC - Operational Conditions
OECD - Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
OEL - Occupational Exposure Limit
OJ - Official Journal
OR - Only Representative
OSHA - European Agency for Safety and Health at work
PBT - Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic substance
PEC - Predicted Effect Concentration
PNEC(s) - Predicted No Effect Concentration(s)
PPE - Personal Protection Equipment
(Q)SAR - Qualitative Structure Activity Relationship
REACH - Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006
RID - Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
RIP - REACH Implementation Project
RMM - Risk Management Measure
SCBA - Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
SDS - Safety data sheet
SIEF - Substance Information Exchange Forum
SME - Small and Medium sized Enterprises
STOT - Specific Target Organ Toxicity
(STOT) RE - Repeated Exposure
(STOT) SE - Single Exposure
SVHC - Substances of Very High Concern
UN - United Nations
vPvB - Very Persistent and Very Bioaccumulative

Key literature references and sources for data


List of relevant H phrases


The information of this SDS is based on the present state of our knowledge and meets the requirements of EU and national laws. The user’s working conditions however, are beyond our knowledge and control. The product is not to be used for purposes other than those specified under Section 1 without a written permission. It remains the responsibility of the user to ensure that the necessary steps are taken to meet the laws and regulations. Handling of the product may only be done by people above 18 years of age, who are satisfactorily informed of how to do the work, the hazardous properties and necessary safety precautions. The information given in this SDS is to describe the product only in terms of health and safety requirements and should not, therefore, be construed as guaranteeing specific properties.