SAFETY DATA SHEET according to Regulation 1907/2006
Product name:


Creation date: 6.10.2008 · Revision: 18.7.2017 · Version: 1

1. Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking

1.1. Product identifier

Product name



aluminium oxide (CAS: 1344-28-1, EC: 215-691-6)

REACH Registration number


1.2. Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

Relevant identified uses

fireproof materials, ceramics, foundry

Uses advised against

No information

1.3. Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet


SILKEM, d.o.o.
Tovarniška cesta 10, 2325 Kidričevo, Slovenia
Tel: +386 2 7991 200
Fax: +386 2 7991 230


SILKEM, d. o. o.
Address: Tovarniška cesta 10, 2325 Kidričevo, Slovenia
Tel.: +386 2 7991 200
Fax: +386 2 7991 230

1.4. Emergency telephone number




+386 2 7991 214 (7h - 15h)

2. Hazards identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP)

According to the regulation, the chemical is not classified as hazardous.

2.2 Label elements

2.2.1. Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [CLP]

P261  Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280  Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P304 + P340  IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

2.2.2. Contains:


2.2.3. Special provisions

The product is not classified as dangerous according to regulations.

2.3. Other hazards

No information

3. Composition/information on ingredients

3.1. Substances

Name CAS
% Classification according to Regulation (EC)
No 1272/2008 (CLP)
Classification according to directive 67/548/EEC or 99/45/EC REACH Registration No.
aluminium oxide 1344-28-1
99,5 not classified not classified 01-2119529248-35-0068

3.2. Mixtures

For substances see 3.1.

4. First aid measures

4.1. Description of first aid measures

General notes

When in doubt or if symptoms do not disappear seek medical help.

Following inhalation

Leave contaminated area - breathe fresh air. If difficulties with breathing do not stop, search for medical help.

Following skin contact

Wash affected skin areas thoroughly with plenty of water and soap! Take off all contaminated clothing.

Following eye contact

If substance has got into eyes, immediately wash out with plenty of water for several minutes. Seek medical advice.

Following ingestion

Thoroughly rinse mouth and drink water. Do not induce vomiting. Consult a physician.

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed


Breathing dust can irritate the respiratory tract.
Symptoms include: headache, dizziness, fatigue, muscular weakness, drowsiness and, in extreme cases, unconsciousness.

Skin contact

May cause drying/defatting on repeat or prolonged exposure.

Eye contact

Dust irritates the eyes.
Symptoms may include: rubescence, edema, pain and lachrymation.


May cause abdominal discomfort.

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed


5. Firefighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Use the usual extinguishing measures (carbon dioxide (CO2), dry chemical, foam; water spray)

Unsuitable extinguishing media

Full water jet.

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Hazardous combustion products


5.3. Advice for firefighters

Protective actions

In case of fire or heating do not breathe fumes/vapours. Cool exposed containers with water spray.

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters

Select according to conditions and other factors.


6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

6.1.1. For non-emergency personnel

Protective equipment

Use personal protective equipment (Section 8).

Emergency procedures

Prevent dusting.

6.1.2. For emergency responders


6.2. Environmental precautions

Prevent environmental contamination. Do not allow product to reach water/drains/sewage systems and ground water.

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

6.3.1. For containment


6.3.2. For cleaning up

Take up mechanically and collect in suitable container and dispose according to current regulations. Prevent dusting. Sweep up the dust or even use suitable vacuum cleaner (if possible).

6.3.3. Other information


6.4. Reference to other sections

See also sections 8 and 13.

7. Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling

7.1.1. Protective measures

Measures to prevent fire

Ensure adequate ventilation.

Measures to prevent aerosol and dust generation

Avoid dust formation and do not breathe dust.

Measures to protect the environment


7.1.2. Advice on general occupational hygiene

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not eat, drink or smoke while working.

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

7.2.1. Technical measures and storage conditions

Keep in well closed containers. Keep in cool and well ventilated area.

7.2.2. Packaging materials


7.2.3. Requirements for storage rooms and vessels


7.2.4. Storage class


7.2.5. Further information on storage conditions


7.3. Specific end use(s)



Industrial sector specific solutions


8. Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1. Control parameters

8.1.1. Occupational Exposure limit values

Name (CAS) Limit values Short-term exposure limit Remarks Biological Tolerance Values
Aluminium oxides inhalable dust (1344-28-1) - 10 - -
Aluminium oxides respirable dust (1344-28-1) - 4 - -

Exposure limit values (IUCLID)

Name value interval x time Type
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) 2 mg/m3 10 mg/m3 (6 x 8h) MAK (DE)
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) 5 mg/m3 10 mg/m3 (6 x 8h) MAC (NL)
Source: IUCLID (For information only)

8.1.2. Information on monitoring procedures

BS EN 14042:2003 Title Identifier: Workplace atmospheres. Guide for the application and use of procedures for the assessment of exposure to chemical and biological agents.

8.1.3. DNEL values

No information

8.1.4. PNEC values

No information

8.2. Exposure controls

8.2.1. Appropriate engineering control

Substance/mixture related measures to prevent exposure during identified uses

Prevent dusting. Use good personal hygiene practices-wash hands at breaks and when done working with material.

Organisational measures to prevent exposure

Keep eyewash bottles or personal eyewash units available.

Technical measures to prevent exposure

Keep away from food, drink and animal feedingstuffs.

8.2.2. Personal protective equipment

Eye and face protection

Tight fitting protective goggles (EN 166).

Hand protection

Protective gloves (EN 374).

Skin protection

Cotton protective clothing (EN ISO 13688) and shoes that cover the entire foot (EN ISO 20345).

Respiratory protection

In case of insufficient ventilation wear suitable respiratory protection.

Thermal hazards


8.2.3. Environmental exposure controls



9.1. Information on basic physical and chemical properties

- Physical state: solid
- Colour: white
- Odour: Odorless

Important health, safety and environmental information

- pH No information
- Melting point/Freezing point > 2000 °C
- Initial boiling point/boiling range > 2980 °C
- Flash point No information
- Evaporation rate No information
- Flammability (solid, gas) Not flammable.
- Explosion limits (vol%) No information
- Vapour pressure No information
- Vapour density No information
- Density Relative density:
ca. 3,5
- Solubility Water:
- Partition coefficient No information
- Auto-ignition temperature No information
- Decomposition temperature No information
- Viscosity No information
- Explosive properties No information
- Oxidising properties No information

9.2. Other information

- Remarks:


10.1. Reactivity


10.2. Chemical stability

Product is stable under normal conditions according to handling and storage.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions


10.4. Conditions to avoid

No special precautions required. Consider the directions for use and storage.

10.5. Incompatible materials

Follow the general rule of incompatible chemicals.

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

Under normal use conditions no hazardous decomposition products expected.

11. Toxicological information

11.1. Information on toxicological effects

11.1.1. Acute toxicity

For components
Name exp. route Type species Time value Method Remark
(1344-28-1)* oral LD50 rat 5000 – 10500 mg/kg
(1344-28-1)* inhalation LC50 rat 1 h 18 – 18 mg/l
* Source: IUCLID (For information only)

11.1.2. Skin corrosion/irritation, serious eye damage/irritation

No information

11.1.3. Respiratory or skin sensitisation

No information

11.1.4. Carcinogenicity, Mutagenicity, Reproductive toxicity


No information

(Germ cell) mutagenicity

No information

Reproductive toxicity

No information

Summary of evaluation of the CMR properties

No information

11.1.5. STOT - single and repeated exposure

No information

11.1.6. Aspiration hazard

No information

12. Ecological information

12.1. Toxicity

12.1.1. Acute (short-term) toxicity

Acute toxicity of ingredients (IUCLID)

CAS Species
Fish Daphnia Algae
1344-28-1 LC50/96h: 3185 - 478 mg/l * EC50/48h: 632 - 18000 mg/l * LC50/72h: 10000 - 320 mg/l *
 Source: IUCLID (For information only)

12.1.2. Chronic (long-term) toxicity

No information

12.2. Persistence and degradability

12.2.1. Abiotic degradation, physical- and photo-chemical elimination

No information

12.2.2. Biodegradation

No information

12.3. Bioaccumulative potential

12.3.1. Partition coefficient

No information

12.3.2. Bioconcentration factor (BCF)

No information

12.4. Mobility in soil

12.4.1. Known or predicted distribution to environmental compartments

No information

12.4.2. Surface tension

No information

12.4.3. Adsorption/Desorption

No information

12.5. Results of PBT and vPvB assessment

No evaluation.

12.6. Other adverse effects

No information

12.7. Additional information

For product

Do not allow to enter ground water, water course or sewage system.
Avoid release to the environment.

13. Disposal considerations

13.1. Waste treatment methods

13.1.1. Product / Packaging disposal

Waste chemical

Dispose according to regulations.

- Waste codes / waste designations according to LoW

06 02 99 - wastes not otherwise specified


Completely emptied containers leave to approved waste disposal authorities in charge.

13.1.2. Waste treatment-relevant information


13.1.3. Sewage disposal-relevant information


13.1.4. Other disposal recommendations


14. Transport information

14.1. UN number

not applicable

14.2. UN proper shipping name

ADR, RID, IMDG, ADN, IATA: Not dangerous according to transport regulations.

14.3. Transport hazard class(es)

not applicable

14.4. Packing group

not applicable

14.5. Environmental hazards


14.6. Special precautions for user

not applicable

14.7. Transport in bulk according to Annex II of Marpol and the IBC Code

not applicable

15. Regulatory information

15.1. Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

- Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)(including last amendment Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/830)

- Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures

15.1.1. Information according 2004/42/EC about limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC-guideline)

not applicable

15.2. Chemical Safety Assessment

No Chemical Safety Assessment has been carried out for this substance/mixture by the supplier.

16. Other information

Indication of changes


Key literature references and sources for data


List of relevant H phrases


The information of this SDS is based on the present state of our knowledge and meets the requirements of EU and national laws. The user’s working conditions however, are beyond our knowledge and control. The product is not to be used for purposes other than those specified under section 1 without a written permission. It remains the responsibility of the user to ensure that the necessary steps are taken to meet the laws and regulations. Handling of the product may only be done by people above 18 years of age, who are satisfactorily informed of how to do the work, the hazardous properties and necessary safety precautions. The information given in this SDS is to describe the product only in terms of health and safety requirements and should not, therefore, be construed as guaranteeing specific properties.